Thesis on antimalarial
Another experiment, using a dual-choice olfactometer, determined whether infection with malaria parasites increases human attractiveness to malaria mosquitoes, and whether the attractiveness of infected humans is Plasmodium falciparum -stage specific.
Chloroquine as a therapeutic option for mild post malaria anaemia - Enlighten: Theses
Here, the same children participated in the study during infection with malaria parasites and after treatment with antimalarial drugs, artemisinin lumefantrine. Cage assays were further used to test mechanisms of attractiveness of P.
- Current Topics in Malaria;
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Overall results show that skin bacterial volatiles play an important role in guiding mosquitoes with different host preferences to their specific host. For An. The results may help to develop more effective health policies and enable targeted interventions towards the most attractive hosts, which could contribute to reductions in malaria transmission. Identification of general or common attractive volatiles produced by the natural hosts as well as those from the gametocyte carriers may contribute to the development of an improved synthetic odour blend that may be used for sampling of mosquitoes with different host preferences.
The use of powerful attractive odorants may result in reductions of vector-borne diseases transmitted by mosquitoes. Source Wageningen University. Promotor en : W.
Takken, co-promotor en : J. Progress and impact country reports: Focus on Zambia. Geneva : World Health Organisation ; MDG Zambia profile. Lusaka : United National Development Programme ; Lusaka : Zambia Vulnerability Assessment Committee ; The contribution of the host has a distinct role in the transmission process, based on its capacity to affect the reservoir base of parasites.
Dissertations and Thesis presented at Pos-graduation Strictu Senso Programs
Fact sheet. Available from: www. Poor retention does not have to be the rule: retention of volunteer community health workers in Uganda. Health Policy Plan. Zambia is considered among the leading nations in malaria control, 1,6 World Health Organisation. Evaluating the effects of large scale health interventions in developing countries: the Zambia malaria initiative. JEL No. I18; The fight against malaria in Zambia has been supported through global funding, and local state efforts with tremendous enabling factors in terms of good governance and political will.
The problems of a social survey in epidemiology: An experience from a Zambian rural community.
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- Chloroquine as a therapeutic option for mild post malaria anaemia.
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- Current Topics in Malaria.
- "Antimalarial Exoerythrocytic Stage Drug Discovery and Resistance Studi" by Lynn Dong Blake;
Afr J Med Med Sci. Utilisation of malarial drugs at a household level: results from a KAP study inChoma, southern province and Mporokoso, northern province of Zambia. Cent Afr J Med. Community knowledge, attitudes and practices KAP on malaria in Swaziland: A country earmarked for malaria elimination. Malar J. An overview of the malaria control programme in Zambia. Improving ability to identify malaria and correctly use chloroquine in children at household level in Nakonde District, Northern Province of Zambia. Health Econ. There have been varying reports regarding the knowledge on malaria in different communities around the world, with some studies reporting improvements in the knowledge of the mosquito as the vector, although that knowledge did not translate to an improvement in intervention uptake.
Community perception of malaria and its influence on health-seeking behaviour in rural Ghana: a descriptive study. Malaria World Journal ;4: 1. Aderaw Z , Gedefaw M. Knowledge, attitude and practice of the community towards malaria prevention and control options in anti-malaria association intervention zones of amahara national regional state, Ethiopia. J Trop Dis. On the other hand, others have demonstrated the relationship between knowledge on malaria and the malaria prevention and control practices in communities.
Knowledge of malaria and its association with malaria-related behaviours—results from the malaria indicator survey, Ethiopia. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of malaria in Colombia. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices about malaria and its control in rural Northwest Tanzania.
Malar Res Treat. Our study sought to determine the level of malaria knowledge, attitude and practices KAP related to malaria with regards to its transmission and control in four malaria endemic provinces in Zambia. Zambia is a landlocked country surrounded by eight neighbouring countries. Power Sector Market Brief: Zambia. Eschborn , [cited Mar 20] Lusaka : Central Statistical Office ; PMI initiatives in Zambia.
Fighting malaria and saving lives. Zambia profile. Washington, DC : U. Agency for International Development ; [cited Mar 20]. The epidemiology of malaria in Zambia. PhD Thesis. University of KwaZulu-Natal ; [cited Mar 26]. Disease surveillance for malaria elimination. An operational manual. Review of the malaria epidemiology and trends in Zambia. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine ;3 2 : 89 — A sampling frame with implicit stratification was created for each of the four provinces and Standard Enumeration Areas SEAs selected Figure 1 independently based on standard procedure.
Household sample surveys in developing and transition countries. Studies in methods. Series F No.
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- 1. Introduction.
Figure 1: Map of the study sites in the three malaria transmission zones. Systematic randomisation 21 Chimumbwa JM.
Lusaka : Ministry of Health ; World Health Organisation. Roll Back Malaria. Progress and Impact Series. Country Reports Number 2 — Focus on Zambia. Sample size determination. Inst of Lab Anim Resours J. Malaria indicator survey. This study was conducted in one province of each of the three transmission zones. An extra province was selected in the low to moderate transmission zone by design in order to compensate for the greater number of provinces in the low to moderate zone. This study was a cross-sectional survey conducted from November to January The questionnaire was in English but was administered by two trained enumerators from the Zambian Central Statistical Office CSO at the various local offices in each province, facilitating accurate translation of the questionnaire in each community.
Translations were agreed upon for uniformity before the study in each of the provinces. This process was monitored by a study supervisor. Verbal consent to interview was obtained before a questionnaire was administered. In order for the survey estimates to be representative of the population within each province, it was necessary to weigh the sample data. Out of the household heads interviewed from the four provinces, Table 1 , using weighted chi-square values, shows the demographic characteristics of the study population including the level of education, occupation and income level.
Out of the household heads interviewed in all the four provinces, Figure 2: Sources of malaria information among household heads. Table 3 , by weighted analysis, shows that newspapers and television as sources of malaria information were significantly related to education, income and employment levels. By further analysis, the contribution by healthcare facility as a source of information was statistically ranked as the highest healthcare facility Figure 3 shows the signs and symptoms of malaria known.
PhD thesis: Experimental studies on the ecology and evolution of drug-resistant malaria parasites
Figure 3: Signs and symptoms of malaria among household heads. Table 4 by weighted analysis shows attitudes and practices in malaria control and that Table 6 relates practices with knowledge and attitudes as follows: attending formal health facilities and health posts early, and the use of pain killers as an alternative to attending formal health facilities and health posts.
The use of Coartem antimalarial medicine as an alternative to attending the formal health facilities and health posts was higher There was a relationship between education levels and owning an ITN IRS acceptance was higher among the unemployed Annual report. Government of Zambia, Ministry of Health. Government of Zambia, Central Statistical Office, et al. Zambia demographic and health survey. Knowledge of the mosquito as a vector of malaria was quite high Pylypchuk Y , Norton SW. Africa-EU Energy Partnership. Government of Zambia, Central Statistical Office.
Zambia Malaria Operational Plan. Chimumbwa JM.